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What is a Bibliography?
A Bibliography
  • is the list of all of the resources used to write your paper.
  • is at the end of a report or research paper.
  • gives credit to the sources of the information used.
  • is alphabetized by each entry.
  • is necessary to avoid plagiarism.
What is usually included in a bibliography?
  • author of the book or article
  • the title of the book or article
  • publisher
  • city of the publisher
  • date of publication
  • page numbers
  • for the internet or other resources, additional items are needed
How to Write a Bibliography
  • Center the word Bibliography (capitalized) on top of a new page.
  • Start entries at the left side margin.
  • If  the entry is more than one line long, the rest of the lines are indented.
  • All sources should be arranged alphabetically by author (or title, if no author appears in the entry).
  • Skip at least one line in between each entry.
Please note:
  • Most of our databases generate a citation for you!  Find it!
  • All the punctuation used in this section is the same punctuation used when writing your bibliography!
  • In the examples, when it says italics, it might also be underlined.
  • Your teacher may want titles in italics rather than underlined.
  • Ask the teacher which format is preferred!
Printed Materials

Author. (Last name first) Title . (italics) City where book is published: Publisher, copyright date.
                Example;   Collins, Suzanne. Hunger Games.
                                               New York: Bradbury Press, 2008.
If there is more than one author: Write the first author, last name first, and the second author, first name first. Title. (italics) City where book is published:  Publisher, copyright date.
                Example:   Murphy, Barbara and Merv Brown. How to
                                                Skin A Cat. Chicago: Lippincott, 2010.
Print Encyclopedias:
How to cite an unsigned article in an encyclopedia:
"Article Title." (in quotation marks) Title of the Reference Book . (in italics) Edition. Date published.
                Example:    “Dogs.” World Book Encyclopedia. 2nd ed.     

How to cite a signed article in an encyclopedia (an author is noted at the end of the article):
Author. "Article Title." (in quotation marks) Title of the Reference Book.. (in italics) Edition. Date published.
                Example:    Jones, Mary. “Cows.” World Book 
                                                 Encyclopedia. 2nd ed. 2010.
MAGAZINE ARTICLES: Au​thor. "Title." Name of magazine. (in italics) Date of magazine: page numbers.
                    Example:     Sandel, Michael J. “America’s Search for a 
                                                New Public Philosophy.” The Atlantic 
                                                Monthly.  March 2009:57-74.
NEWSPAPER ARTICLES: Author. "Title." Name of Newspaper (in italics) Date of newspaper (day month year), section: page.
                Example:     Goldberg, Grace. The Inside Track: Alumni
                                                Life.” Denver Post  10 Oct. 2009, sec. 
ALMANAC: "Article Title." (in quotation marks) Title of Almanac (in italics) and year.
                Example:     “The World’s Refugees.” The World     
                                                      Almanac and Book of Facts  2012.
TV or Radio Transcript: "Name of Program" (in quotations) Name of series (in italics) Date of program's airing, <> (date accessed in parentheses).
               Example:           “Nightly Business Report” Nightly 
                                                   Business Report 13 Mar. 2011. 
                                                  <> (17 April

Pictures: Name of picture. (in italics) Photograph. Source of picture, date of original picture. Source.
                Example:           WWII; Churchill, Truman and Stalin.
                                                    Photograph.  Google Images, 1 Jan.
                                                    1940. <>
WEB SITE: Author. (last name first, if known) "Title of Article." Name of source or web site. Date site last updated. (in parentheses) Online. Web site address. (Access date in parentheses).
                Example:          Jones, Mary. “Explorers of Yesteryear.”
                                                    Colorado University History Dept.
                                                    (2011) Online.
                                                    (November 12, 2011).
Interviewee. (person who was interviewed) Type of interview. (i.e. personal, telephone) Date of interview. (day month), Year.
                Example:           Justin Bieber. Telephone interview. 27
                                                    September, 2011.
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