What is a Bibliography?
- is the list of all of the resources used to write your paper.
- is at the end of a report or research paper.
- gives credit to the sources of the information used.
- is alphabetized by each entry.
- is necessary to avoid plagiarism.
What is usually included in a bibliography?
- author of the book or article
- the title of the book or article
- city of the publisher
- date of publication
- page numbers
- for the internet or other resources, additional items are needed
How to Write a Bibliography
- Center the word Bibliography (capitalized) on top of a new page.
- Start entries at the left side margin.
- If the entry is more than one line long, the rest of the lines are indented.
- All sources should be arranged alphabetically by author (or title, if no author appears in the entry).
- Skip at least one line in between each entry.
- Most of our databases generate a citation for you! Find it!
- All the punctuation used in this section is the same punctuation used when writing your bibliography!
- In the examples, when it says italics, it might also be underlined.
- Your teacher may want titles in italics rather than underlined.
- Ask the teacher which format is preferred!
SPECIFIC CITATIONS--MLA Style
Author. (Last name first) Title . (italics) City where book is published: Publisher, copyright date.
Example; Collins, Suzanne. Hunger Games.
New York: Bradbury Press, 2008.
If there is more than one author: Write the first author, last name first, and the second author, first name first. Title. (italics) City where book is published: Publisher, copyright date.
Example: Murphy, Barbara and Merv Brown. How to
Skin A Cat. Chicago: Lippincott, 2010.
How to cite an unsigned article in an encyclopedia:
"Article Title." (in quotation marks) Title of the Reference Book . (in italics) Edition. Date published.
Example: “Dogs.” World Book Encyclopedia. 2nd ed.
How to cite a signed article in an encyclopedia (an author is noted at the end of the article):
Author. "Article Title." (in quotation marks) Title of the Reference Book.. (in italics) Edition. Date published.
Example: Jones, Mary. “Cows.” World Book
Encyclopedia. 2nd ed. 2010.
MAGAZINE ARTICLES: Author. "Title." Name of magazine. (in italics) Date of magazine: page numbers.
Example: Sandel, Michael J. “America’s Search for a
New Public Philosophy.” The Atlantic
Monthly. March 2009:57-74.
NEWSPAPER ARTICLES: Author. "Title." Name of Newspaper (in italics) Date of newspaper (day month year), section: page.
Example: Goldberg, Grace. The Inside Track: Alumni
Life.” Denver Post 10 Oct. 2009, sec.
ALMANAC: "Article Title." (in quotation marks) Title of Almanac (in italics) and year.
Example: “The World’s Refugees.” The World
Almanac and Book of Facts 2012.
TV or Radio Transcript: "Name of Program" (in quotations) Name of series (in italics) Date of program's airing, <http://www.nameofnetwork.com> (date accessed in parentheses).
Example: “Nightly Business Report” Nightly
Business Report 13 Mar. 2011.
<www.cbsnews.com> (17 April
Pictures: Name of picture. (in italics) Photograph. Source of picture, date of original picture. Source.
Example: WWII; Churchill, Truman and Stalin.
Photograph. Google Images, 1 Jan.
WEB SITE: Author. (last name first, if known) "Title of Article." Name of source or web site. Date site last updated. (in parentheses) Online. Web site address. (Access date in parentheses).
Example: Jones, Mary. “Explorers of Yesteryear.”
Colorado University History Dept.
(November 12, 2011).
Interviewee. (person who was interviewed) Type of interview. (i.e. personal, telephone) Date of interview. (day month), Year.
Example: Justin Bieber. Telephone interview. 27